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Hate Crimes Against Asian Americans: Resource Guide for Education and Action


Credit: CNN


The Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) community is under attack. It has been throughout history, like any other marginalized community, but hate crimes have increased by an alarming 1,900% in New York alone in 2020. An organization called Stop AAPI Hate reported that there 3,795 first-hand accounts of anti-Asian hate since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, with women victimized at more than twice the rate of men. Additionally, almost 400,000 Asian Americans in California have experienced discrimination in the last year. We are sharing these numbers because it is unacceptable to stay silent while thousands of Asian Americans, especially elders, face bigotry and racist violence like police brutality. Our silence, our inaction, and our ignorance makes us complicit in their systemic oppression and denies the Asian American community their humanity and right to feel safe.


So what can we do? The Asian and Asian American community requires allyship more than ever, and this means including Asian Americans in your anti-racism work. To be an ally, we encourage you to engage in education and action.


Before we hold others accountable for anti-Asian hate, or racism marginalized communities face, we must educate ourselves and hold ourselves accountable for implicit and interpersonal xenophobia and racism, which fuels anti-Asian hate crimes. Microaggressions, whether that is in the form of jokes or comments dehumanize people and can take a significant toll on physical and mental health. Learning about Asian American stories and history, including the events we mentioned, helps us take informed actions and realize and confront our internal biases.


Moving onto action, we can not be a bystander when hate crimes occur. We must help in any way we can without putting ourselves in danger. We encourage you to raise awareness about hate crimes targeting Asian Americans, focusing on honoring and celebrating the humanity of the victims, especially because of the lack of media attention. Sign petitions and call officials to demand justice for hate crime victims, support Asian-owned small businesses that have suffered from the rise in anti-Asian sentiments, and volunteer and donate to organizations. These materials are all accessible through this resource guide. For the google doc version, check out https://docs.google.com/document/d/18EjMWupwGKuIeSIwi2KdVk-jZ-3YMo8B1puTUfBvUZU/edit?usp=sharing


This forever-evolving resource guide is a joint effort and is open to corrections and additions to ensure that it can be as impactful and helpful as possible. Please reach out to ishikaa@takeactioninc.com to make any suggestions.


Please feel free to share this document!


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Table of Contents

Education

History

Books, Articles, Essays, Podcasts, and More

Know Their Stories

Why are Anti-Asian Microaggressions and the Model Minority Myth Dehumanizing?

Hypersexualization of and Violence against AAPI Women

Reflection & Discussion Questions

Action

Report Anti-Asian Hate + Bystander Intervention Training

Petitions

Make Calls and Emails

Support Asian-Owned Businesses

Organizations

Protests & Rallies

Donate

More (Including Mental Health Resources)


Education


History


This increase in anti-Asian sentiments and violence is partly due to the unfounded blame directed towards Asian Americans since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Most notably, blatant instances of bigotry towards the Asian American community can be seen in the former president’s use of sinophobic phrases like the “Chinese virus” and the “Kung-Flu”. This rhetoric has allowed anti-Asian hate to fester and grow. Not only does this scapegoat the entire Asian American community, but it also serves to reinforce the idea that Asian Americans remain a population of unassimilable, “perpetual foreigners.” Time and time again, Asian Americans have had to prove their American-ness and humanity. Institutional, interpersonal, and implicit anti-Asian racism and discrimination are embedded in the history of our nation, since 1815 with the arrival of the first Asian immigrants to the United States.


In 1848, Chinese immigrants working in California gold mines faced inhumane working conditions, higher taxes than other citizens, and brutal anti-Asian violence.


Then following in 1863, more than 12,000 Chinese immigrants continued to work in dangerous conditions to build the transcontinental railroad.


As the first and only major federal legislation to explicitly suspend immigration for a specific nationality, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882 that barred Chinese people from entering the United States, tearing families apart and proclaiming them as the “other.”


In 1930, coined as the Watsonville Riots, 500 white farmers attacked Filipino farm workers in California, dragging them from their houses and even throwing them off bridges.


And even in 1942, Japanese Americans and immigrants were legally rounded up and forced into detention centers, now known as the Japanese internment camps.


In 2001, following the events of September 11th, reports showed that over 300 cases of violence and discrimination against South Asians in America occurred just within the first month. In particular, Sikh and Muslim Asian Americans were scapegoated for 9/11 and continue to face violent harrassment to this day.


In 2003, during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, Asian Americans were similarly blamed for the spread of a virus unrelated to the community, and experienced a nationwide increase in anti-Asian violence and sentiment.


This history of Asian American oppression and resilience is important. We must confront the narrative constructed by the model minority myth, that remains overlooked. History cannot repeat itself. Mainstream media, politicians, and our own communities are responsible for the demonization and perpetuation of harmful stereotypes against the Asian community, which in turn has led to more violence and hate. We must hold them, and ourselves, accountable.


This is just a brief overview of AAPI history. For more information, check out The Making of Asian America: A History by Erika Lee and other resources available in the next section.


Books, Articles, Essays, Podcasts, and More


Check out Penguin Random House's Must Read Books from AAPI Writers!


Some resources from NBC’s “Anti-racism resources to support Asian American, Pacific Islander community

-- Minor Feelings: An Asian American Reckoning (book) by Cathy Park Hong is a collection of essays published in 2020 about the nuances of the Asian American experience

-- Yellow: Race in America Beyond Black and White (book) by Frank H. Wu examines stereotypes, such as the perpetual foreigner and the model minority myth, and tackles issues including affirmative action, immigration and interracial marriage

-- Self Evident: Asian American’s Stories is a podcast that aims to challenge assumptions about Asian Americans

-- PBS’ Asian Americans is a five-part documentary series on the history of Asians in America.

-- #AsianAmCovidStories is a YouTube documentary series exploring Asian Americans’ experiences and challenges during the Covid-19 pandemic.

-- Fresh Off the Boat is a TV sitcom highlighting the experiences of the relocation of a Taiwanese-American family from Chinatown in Washington, D.C. to Orlando in the ‘90s.

-- Asian Enough is a podcast hosted by two Asian Americans who talk about the full AAPI experience with the help of well-known celebrity guests’ personal stories.

Podcasts:

  • The Daily’s “A Murderous Rampage in Georgia:” “The pandemic has precipitated a rise in anti-Asian violence in the U.S. However, the full extent of this violence may be obscured by the difficulty in classifying attacks against Asian-Americans as hate crimes. A recent shooting at three spas in the Atlanta area, in which the eight victims included six women of Asian descent, has heightened anxiety in the Asian-American community. Many see this as a further burst of racist violence, even as the shooter has offered a more complicated motive. Today, a look at why it’s proving so difficult to reckon with growing violence against Asian-Americans and whether the U.S. legal system has caught up to the reality of this moment.”

  • Asian American History 101: “Asian American History 101 is a podcast co-hosted by Gen and Ted Lai, a daughter and father team. The podcast will entertain and educate people as Gen and Ted dive into the vast history of Asian Americans from their contributions to their struggles to their triumphs.”

  • Fresh Off The Vote: “Civic engagement for AAPI youth, by AAPI youth. New episodes every Monday!”

  • The Sassy Asian Times: “The unapologetic, sassy, proud Asian Americans you didn’t know you needed. Follow along the journey of two Asian American artists as we talk, discuss, and bring up real topics about the current issues within the Asian American experience.”

  • Someday is Here: “A podcast created for Asian American & Pacific Islander women on leadership and culture. I’ve wanted to carve out a space for AAPI women to explore and validate living in both Eastern and Western worlds. Each week we will celebrate our heritage and highlight our history as we explore our AAPI journeys, parts that we are proud of and those of pain.”

  • Pride Talk: “Pride Talk features conversations with Asian American LGBTQ+ professionals and their allies to empower, educate, engage, and celebrate this community. You'll hear casual conversations, stories, and life experiences from various Asian American LGBTQ+ individuals as well as their allies.”

  • The HEDB Show: “The Dishonored Media Network brings you the HEDB Show, a bi-weekly current events show from the eyes of regular thirty-something Asian American millennial professionals. They try to tie-in practical advice with an unfiltered/non-BS voice.”

  • The Filipino American Woman Project: “A Podcast Show that shares stories and life lessons told by individuals living (or have lived) in America, that are of Filipino descent and identify as female or non-binary.”

  • Artists at Play Podcast: “Artists at Play produces theatrical programming that explores the Asian American experience. This podcast will feature new play broadcasts, conversations, and a behind-the-scenes look at our organization and programming.”

  • Queer Asian Podcast Club: “Formerly known as "The Gaysian Podcast", the Queer Asian Podcast Club is a podcast from the Queer Asian Social Club that aims to create a space in which we can explore the Queer Asian experience. Hosted by the QASC founder Maya Reddy, an American Born Confused Queer Desi, this podcast embarks on conversations with folx both within the Queer Asian community and outside of the community in an effort to empower our stories and experiences and understand the assumptions and attitudes placed upon us. Get in touch with us at queerasiansocialclub.com and use the hashtag #QueerAsianPodcastClub.”

  • OBSCENE: “OBSCENE is a new podcast hosted by Maya Contreras (EMMY winning Brewed in NY, PBS, ) discussing systemic inequalities that have allowed discrimination to flourish in the United States. We’ll examine discriminatory policies while discussing the history, influences, and future of those policies that directly impact womxn and marginalized groups. Through stories and interviews with experts, you'll be given new insights into the challenges facing womxn and marginalized communities. Through an intersectional approach, the podcast introduces new frameworks to improve your civic participation. As an informed constituency, we can influence our elected legislators to dismantle structural oppressions by drafting inclusive policy that create equity, equal access, and inclusion.”

Literature:

America Is in the Heart by Carlos Bulosan

Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri

Marriage of a Thousand Lies by SJ Sindu

Native Speaker by Chang-Rae Lee

Baby No-Eyes by Patricia Grace

The Reluctant Fundamentalist by Mohsin Hamid

M. Butterfly by David Henry Hwang

Obasan by Joy Kogawa

Orientalism by Edward W. Said

Clay Walls by Ronyoung Kim

The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts by Maxine Hong Kingston

Namesake by Jhumpa Lahiri

No-No Boy by John Okada

God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy


Articles about rise in hate crimes against the AAPI community and shooting in Georgia:

https://www.nytimes.com/live/2021/03/17/us/shooting-atlanta-acworth

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/mar/18/atlanta-spa-shootings-anti-sex-worker-racism-sexism

https://www.thecut.com/2021/02/the-us-is-seeing-a-massive-spike-in-anti-asian-hate-crimes.html https://www.asianjournal.com/usa/newyork-newjersey/filipino-american-man-slashed-in-the-face-while-riding-nyc-subway/

https://time.com/5947622/time-cover-anti-asian-american-violence-atlanta-shooting/


Know Their Stories


To honor and celebrate the humanity of the victims of the recent hate crimes against Asian Americans, we will be sharing information about some of their lives and saying their names so that they are never forgotten.


Christian Hall was adopted by Fe and Gareth Hall. His co-workers said that he would always put a smile on their faces and have small, enjoyable conversations with them. He was only nineteen-years-old when he lost his life to police brutality. Christian Hall. Say his name.


84 year old Vicha Ratanapakdee was a Thai immigrant and was well known in his neighborhood for his morning hour long walks. On January 28th he was violently shoved to the ground, an attack that proved to be fatal. He was a beloved grandfather. Vicha Ratanapakdee. Say his name.


Noel Quintana is a 61-year-old Filipino man who works as an administrative assistant for a non-profit that works with mental health challenges. On February 3, he was attacked on the L-train by a man with a box cutter knife. Noel Quintana. Say his name.


Angelo Quinto was born in the Philippines, loved online gaming, scuba diving, cooking and fishing, and was a Northern Californian Navy veteran but lost his life to police brutality. Angelo Quinto. Say his name.


Quyen Ngoc Nguyen was a Vietnamese 28-year-old loving, caring mother of two. She loved spending time with her family but was ruthlessly attacked. Even though she lived in the UK, we encourage you to learn more about her story. Quyen Ngoc Nguyen. Say her name.


Names of the 8 people shot in the Atlanta Georgia:

Delaina Ashley Yaun was a mother to a 14-year-old son and eight-month-old daughter. Yaun was an outgoing, family-oriented person who would go out of her way to help others and often take in friends who were in need of a place to stay. Delaina Ashley Yaun say her name. (https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/mar/18/atlanta-shootings-victim-delaina-ashley-yaun)


Xiaojie Tan was a licensed massage therapist, mother, Chinese immigrant, and successful business owner of two businesses: Yo